About town

Capping of damages in the event of unfair dismissal: two High court opinions aim to quash trial judge rebellion


The French High Court, the Cour de cassation, issued two very clear opinions on 17 July 2019 validating the capping of unfair dismissal damage awards provided in the Labor Code.

These caps were introduced in the Labor Code by the current President, Emmanuel Macron, with aim to harmonize the awards made by labor courts, but also to introduce more predictability for the employers in the sums they could be condemned to pay before these Courts.

The Court very clearly states that:

-       Article L. 1235-3 of the Labor Code capping the awards do not enter in the scope of article 6§1 of the European Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms;

-       The provisions of article 24 of the European Social Chart do not have direct effect in national law in litigations between individuals (this protects the caps from an unfavorable decision from the European Council to Social Rights seized by a National Labor Union on the issue);

-       The provisions of article L. 1235-3 of the Labor Code are compatible with article 10 of the International Labor Organization’s Convention158.

The High Court, in plenary session, concludes to the compatibility of the capping, and thus its validity.

Trial judges are warned. This is only an opinion, but it gives the position of the High Court on the matter.

Avis n°15012 et n°15013 du 17 juillet 2019

Print Top
  • 20/40 Club

    Training, breakfasts, events: join the Club!

    Subscribe 20/40
    > Join the Club

    > Discover the 20 /40 Club


    Inscription au Club 20/40

    Rejoindre le Club 20/40 vous donne l'opportunité d'assister à des formations, des petits déjeuners et des événements, en compagnie de dirigeants, directeurs RH et managers de haut niveau.

    Tout savoir sur le Club 20/40

    * Champs obligatoires

  • Contact us

    63, avenue Niel,
    75017 Paris, France

    E-mail :
    Phone : +33 1 58 36 16 50


    > Write us

  • Join us

    We are looking for legal experts and lawyers specialized in employment law to join our team.

    See our openings

> Choisir > Choisir


Jaem vous permet de tester votre connaissance du droit social en 10 questions.

Choisissez votre personnage et commencez !

Vous avez eu : +score+ % de bonnes réponses !
> Voir l'explication > Fermer la fenêtre

Vous avez moins de 50 % de bonnes réponses

Rendez-vous sur nos pages de formation pour trouver la formation généraliste qui vous permettra d’acquérir les bases du droit social.

Voir nos formations

Vous avez entre 50 et 75 % de bonnes réponses.

Pas mal !!!!!! Vous trouverez sûrement parmi les formations Daem celle qui vous permettra de passer au niveau Expert !

Voir nos formations

Vous avez plus de 75 % de bonnes réponses.

Vous êtes un as du droit social ! Rendez-vous sur nos pages formations pour dénicher les dernières expertises qui pourraient vous manquer.

Voir nos formations